Big rigs and heavy-duty trucks consist 7% of all vehicles of the US fleet; they gobble up 25% of daily fuel consumption. The trucking industry consumes up to 38 billion gallons of fuel yearly and a vast array of measures through regulatory agencies such as new technologies like platooning. Existing technologies or developments underway provide a host of cost-effective initiatives to improve truck fuel efficiency. Technologies like enhanced diesel engine and transmission, advanced aerodynamics and tires, and hybrid components cut back fuel consumption in stop-and-go cycles.
Drive more strategically
To improve your fuel consumption, slowing down makes a truck less stiff and minimizes stress. Speeding diminishes fuel economy and comes with many dangers. Also turn off the air conditioner for natural breeze and avoid unnecessary idling as the truck sucks up a gallon of diesel per hour. Shut down the engine if you stop for long and use cruise control along highways.
Reduce Aerodynamic Resistance
Heavy-duty trucks burn tons of fuel as they cut through the atmosphere to reduce air frictional resistance. Improved truck’s aerodynamics reduces fuel consumption. About 50% of a truck’s fuel burnt goes to curbing aerodynamic resistance while cruising at highway speeds. You can improve the aerodynamic profile using a roof-mounted cab deflector, side fairings to disperse air downwards, deep-angled bumper and sun visor to ward off wind from the windscreen onto the top of the truck.
Traffic Signs and Conditions
Monitor traffic conditions to foresee when to stop or slow down for fuel efficiency as the truck remains on the move rather than restart from a complete halt. It helps avoid heavy braking and gear changes that burn extra fuel. Truck drivers should use innovative navigation tools to keep off traffic congestion.
Engine Oil and Fuel
Top off manufacturer’s recommended grade of motor oil to improve fuel mileage. Pump diesel at a lower setting to avoid vapors that occupy the tank. Refill the tank before running dry as a fuller tank improves mileage. Regular maintenance and servicing of the engine, air coolers, engine, and fuel injectors enhance fuel efficiency and cut back a truck’s operating expenditure